Overwhelmed with thousands of spiritual Buddha statues through the jungle.

Update: 23/04/2015
It’s considered as one of the most enormous heritage of the Buddhism perserved until now.

Overwhelmed with thousands of spiritual Buddha statues through the jungle.


It has nestled in a remoted jungle of Deccan highland\r\n(India), Ajanta Cave fell into oblivion for a long period.

 In 1819, a group of British going a tiger hunting in\r\nthis area accidentally discovered the system of Ajanta Cave. The group of caves\r\nin Ajanta is precious relics, a presentation  of The Buddhism heyday in\r\nIndia


Ajanta locates halfway up the mountain, it is a chasm below\r\nand curving Waghora river. The order of cave is horseshoe shape, and peirces\r\ndeeply into straight-up cliffs with76 meter height.


The heritage consists of 30 caves, including the Buddhism\r\nhall and adjacent areas. All of them are marked in ordinal numbers.


Due to being contructed in consistency, these caves are\r\nclassified into many periods of construction by the researchers.


It composed of 2 parts : the cave concentration was built in\r\nthe first part of The century II BC. The caves numbered 8, 9, 10, 12,13, 15A\r\nfeatured of the ancient Buddhism.


The caves below was constructed in  the century V,\r\npresented the new Buddhism.


The great amount of sculptural Buddhism statues is\r\none of the special features of the caves which is considered as  the most\r\nwonderful pieces of Buddhist art.


Visitors can come across various extraordinary scences with\r\nthe first steps of  visiting this architectural population.


In the facade of caves, there are long rows of Buddhism\r\nmonuments skillfully carved by hand on the face of cliff. Moreover, the\r\nextremely strong pillars of sanctuary were built up inside the rocky mountain\r\nby craftsmen.


The cave number 12 called Tang Vien  was carved at the\r\nfirst period. It’s  home of the monks in the past.


Their life and practice were happening in a narrow space.\r\nThey used rock pedestals as beds. Especially, all the rules were obeyed\r\n during the ascetic practices


The cave number 9 was called ThapVien, a room used as a\r\nplace for praying. It was also a place to worship the Buddhist relics so Thap\r\nVien has a extremely sacred meaning


There was no presentation of Buddha’s statues in this\r\nperiods; therefore, Thap Phat was consideres as a holy symbol to worship and\r\nserve.


In group 2 of caves, the Buddhist statues were placed\r\neverywhere. Especially, there was the monument expressing Buddha’s\r\nenlightenment under the Bodhi Tree surrounded by temptation of ghosts and\r\ndevils.


All periods of praticing that Buddha experienced before the\r\nenlightenment were presented  throught various scuptural works in this\r\ncave.


As a sesult of  understanding Dhama, the artists\r\nand craftsmen could create Buddhist monuments which reached the highest beauty\r\nstandards. They played an important part in added value for  these caves.


From the VI century to the VII century it was a developing\r\nperiod of Buddhist Art in Ajanta cave. It is remarkable by pictures on the\r\nwalls’ caves.


The methods used for their masterpiece were original.\r\nAccording to some documents, the main components for these ones were marbles\r\nand vegetables.


Vegetables were ground to make s special glue, and then\r\ncontinued the  next step by crushing with colorful marbles  to create\r\na type of paints for these masterpieces.


It’s affirmed that the art of painting of acient\r\nIndian reached to the perfect of colour as well as layout by successful\r\nexperiments of time.

The\r\ncave-pagoda Ajanta is the biggest historical relics recognized by UNESCO in\r\n1983. It is also one of the greattest heritage of Buddhism reserved until 

Theo : Kenh14.vn

Translated into English By Thai Thi Minh Thu.

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